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14 Veterans’ Diseases Associated With Agent Orange

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VA has recognized certain cancers and other health problems as presumptive diseases associated with exposure to Agent Orange or other herbicides during military service. Veterans and their survivors may be eligible for benefits for these diseases.  Check out the list of what the VA calls “presumptive diseases” below and at the bottom of this page you will find a link to learn more about scheduling a free exam by the VA for possible long-term health problems related to herbicide exposure.

  • AL Amyloidosis – A rare disease caused when an abnormal protein, amyloid, enters tissues or organs
  • Chronic B-cell Leukemias – A type of cancer which affects white blood cells
  • Chloracne (or similar acneform disease) – A skin condition that occurs soon after exposure to chemicals and looks like common forms of acne seen in teenagers. Under VA’s rating regulations, it must be at least 10 percent disabling within one year of exposure to herbicides.
  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 – A disease characterized by high blood sugar levels resulting from the body’s inability to respond properly to the hormone insulin
  • Hodgkin’s Disease – A malignant lymphoma (cancer) characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen, and by progressive anemia
  • Ischemic Heart Disease – A disease characterized by a reduced supply of blood to the heart, that leads to chest pain
  • Multiple Myeloma – A cancer of plasma cells, a type of white blood cell in bone marrow
  • Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma – A group of cancers that affect the lymph glands and other lymphatic tissue
  • Parkinson’s Disease – A progressive disorder of the nervous system that affects muscle movement
  • Peripheral Neuropathy, Early-Onset – A nervous system condition that causes numbness, tingling, and motor weakness. Under VA’s rating regulations, it must be at least 10 percent disabling within one year of herbicide exposure.
  • Porphyria Cutanea Tarda – A disorder characterized by liver dysfunction and by thinning and blistering of the skin in sun-exposed areas. Under VA’s rating regulations, it must be at least 10 percent disabling within one year of exposure to herbicides.
  • Prostate Cancer – Cancer of the prostate; one of the most common cancers among men
  • Respiratory Cancers (includes lung cancer) – Cancers of the lung, larynx, trachea, and bronchus
  • Soft Tissue Sarcomas (other than osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma, or mesothelioma) – A group of different types of cancers in body tissues such as muscle, fat, blood and lymph vessels, and connective tissues

VA offers health registry exams, health care, disability compensation and other benefits to eligible Veterans. Their dependents and survivors also may be eligible for benefits. Veterans who were exposed to Agent Orange or other herbicides during military service may be eligible for:

  • Agent Orange Registry health exam, a free exam for possible long-term health problems related to herbicide exposure. Veterans who served in Vietnam, the Korean demilitarized zone or other areas where Agent Orange was sprayed may be eligible.
  • Health care benefits, a full range of medical benefits. There are many ways a Veteran may qualify.

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